Microsoft AI-900 Exam Preparation: Azure AI Fundamentals

November 17, 2023
8 min read

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a driving force behind digital transformation, empowering businesses to make data-driven decisions, automate processes, and enhance customer experiences. Microsoft, a global leader in technology, offers the AI-900 certification exam to help professionals validate their foundational knowledge of AI concepts and Microsoft AI technologies. Whether you are an aspiring AI developer, data scientist, or business analyst, this exam serves as an essential stepping stone in your AI journey. In this comprehensive guide, I will walk you through the AI-900 exam preparation, covering key concepts, study resources, and practical tips to excel in the exam and become proficient in the fundamentals of AI.

Logo that says Microsoft Certified Azure AI Fundamentals.
Figure 1: Logo of Azure AI Fundamentals. 
| Used with permission from Microsoft.

Understanding the AI-900 Exam

Understanding the AI-900 Exam involves comprehending the fundamental concepts of AI and Azure services. It tests knowledge on AI workloads, considerations, and Microsoft AI services, aiming to certify foundational proficiency in implementing AI solutions on the Azure platform.

Exam Overview

The Microsoft AI-900 exam, also known as the Microsoft Azure AI Fundamentals exam, is designed to assess a candidate's understanding of AI concepts and Microsoft AI technologies available on the Azure platform. The exam is intended for individuals who want to build a strong foundation in AI technologies and use them to drive innovation in various industries.

The AI-900 exam is suitable for a wide range of professionals, including business analysts, developers, data scientists, and technical decision-makers. It does not require any prerequisites, making it an ideal starting point for those new to AI or those looking to expand their knowledge of Microsoft AI offerings.

Exam Objectives

The AI-900 exam evaluates a candidate's knowledge in the following key areas:

  • Understanding AI concepts and principles
  • Identifying common use cases and applications of AI
  • Recognizing the available AI services and tools in Azure
  • Knowing how to use Azure AI services, such as Azure Cognitive Services and Azure Machine Learning
  • Understanding ethical and responsible AI use, including considerations around fairness, transparency, and privacy.

To pass the exam, candidates must demonstrate a solid understanding of these concepts and how they relate to real-world AI scenarios.

This image shows Azure AI services including Azure Cognitive Services (which offers pre-built AI), Azure Bot Service (which offers conversational AI), and Azure Machine Learning (which offers custom AI).
Figure 2: Azure AI services include Azure Cognitive Services, Azure Bot Service, and Azure Machine Learning. | Used with permission from Microsoft.

Skills Measured: Describing Concepts and Features

The skills measured in the AI-900: Microsoft Azure AI Fundamentals exam evaluate a candidate's understanding and ability to describe certain concepts and features related to AI and machine learning on Azure. Here are the areas and some of the concepts covered in the exam:

  • Describe artificial intelligence workloads and considerations (15–20 percent)
  • Describe fundamental principles of machine learning on Azure (20–25 percent)
  • Describe features of computer vision workloads on Azure (15–20 percent)
  • Describe features of natural language processing (NLP) workloads on Azure (15–20 percent)
  • Describe features of generative AI workloads on Azure (15–20 percent)

Essential AI Concepts

Before diving into Microsoft AI technologies, it's essential to grasp the fundamental concepts of AI. These concepts provide the groundwork for understanding how AI algorithms work and how they can be applied to various problems and tasks:

  • Introduction to artificial intelligence: Gain a high-level understanding of artificial intelligence and its subfields, including machine learning, NLP, computer vision, and robotics. Explore the different types of AI, from narrow AI (specific tasks) to general AI (human-level intelligence).
  • Machine learning basics: Machine learning is a critical aspect of AI, enabling computers to learn from data and improve their performance on specific tasks. Learn about supervised, unsupervised, and reinforcement learning, and understand how algorithms are trained and evaluated.
  • Deep learning and neural networks: Delve into deep learning, a subfield of machine learning that uses neural networks to process and learn from data. Understand the basics of neural networks, including layers, neurons, and activation functions.
  • NLP: NLP focuses on enabling computers to understand, interpret, and generate human language. Learn about techniques like text classification, sentiment analysis, and language translation.
  • Computer vision and image recognition: Computer vision enables computers to interpret and analyze visual information from images and videos. Familiarize yourself with image recognition algorithms and applications.
  • Reinforcement learning: Reinforcement learning involves training agents to make decisions in an environment to maximize rewards. Understand how reinforcement learning is used in areas like gaming and robotics.
  • Ethical and responsible AI use: As AI becomes more pervasive, it is crucial to consider ethical implications, including fairness, transparency, and privacy. Learn about responsible AI practices and the importance of avoiding bias in AI models.
This conceptual image shows Azure AI important concepts. It includes artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning.
Figure 3: Key concepts: AI, machine learning, and deep learning. | Used with permission from Microsoft.

Preparing for the AI-900 Exam

With a solid understanding of AI concepts and Microsoft AI technologies that you need to focus on, it's time to embark on your AI-900 exam preparation journey. Follow these steps to ensure a comprehensive and effective preparation process.

Recommended Study Resources

Start by obtaining the official Microsoft learning resources for the AI-900 exam. Microsoft offers study guides, documentation, and learning paths on its website. These resources cover the exam objectives in detail and serve as a reliable foundation for your preparation.

Additionally, explore third-party study materials, such as books and online courses, to supplement your learning. Look for reputable resources that have received positive reviews and are aligned with the exam syllabus.


Study Resources                                                                                     Links to Learning and Documentation
Get trained Choose from self-paced learning paths and modules or take an instructor-led course
Find documentation 

Anomaly Detector

Language Understanding

Azure Machine Learning

Azure AI Vision

Natural Language Processing Technology

Azure Bot Service

Speech to Text

Speech Translation

Ask a question Microsoft Q&A | Microsoft Docs
Get community support Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Hub
Follow Microsoft Learn Microsoft Learn - Microsoft Tech Community
Find a video 

The AI Show

Browse other Microsoft Learn shows

Hands-On Practice and Labs

Theory is essential, but hands-on practice is equally crucial in mastering AI concepts and technologies. Set up an Azure account if you haven't already, and explore the AI services in the Azure portal. Work on practical exercises and projects to apply what you've learned and gain confidence in using AI technologies effectively.

Microsoft Learn Exercises

Full course tutorial by

Joining AI Communities and Forums

Engaging with the AI community can be highly beneficial during your preparation. Join online forums, AI communities, and social media groups where professionals discuss AI topics and share their experiences. Participate in discussions, ask questions, and learn from the experiences of others.

Join Community

Taking Practice Tests

Practice tests are invaluable for assessing your knowledge and identifying areas that need improvement. Look for reputable platforms that offer AI-900 practice tests and attempt them under exam-like conditions. Analyze your performance and use the results to focus your efforts on weaker areas.

Take free practice assessment (Note: You must be signed in to your Microsoft account.)

Scheduling Your Exam

Don’t miss the opportunity to advance in your career. Schedule your exam today and take the leap towards greater success.

Schedule it here (Note: You must be signed in to your Microsoft account.)

Exam Discounts

Here are ways to save some money on your next exam.

30 Days to Learn It

The 30 days to Learn It is a dynamic program designed to enhance proficiency in various Microsoft technologies within a 30-day learning framework. Participants are encouraged to complete a set of learning modules within this period, positioning themselves to excel in their respective fields. This challenge not only facilitates the acquisition of new skills but also makes you eligible for 50 percent off the cost of a Microsoft Certification exam by completing your challenge within 30 days.

Start your journey

Microsoft Cloud Skills Challenge

At the Microsoft Ignite and Microsoft Build events, Microsoft Cloud Skills Challenge is presented. If you complete your challenge before the end date, a Microsoft Certification exam will be associated with your Microsoft Learn profile by the date marked, or other offers will be available. This happens two to three times per year.

The most recent one is November 15; you have until the end of 2023 to complete the challenge.

Take it


The AI-900 exam is an excellent starting point for anyone looking to build a strong foundation in AI and Microsoft AI technologies. By understanding essential AI concepts and mastering the use of Azure Cognitive Services, Azure Machine Learning, and other Microsoft AI tools, you can demonstrate your proficiency in AI fundamentals and position yourself for further advancements in the field.

Use this comprehensive guide as a roadmap for your AI-900 exam preparation and remember to approach the exam with confidence and a growth mindset. Embrace the learning process, seek help from the AI community, and current on the latest AI developments to continue your journey in this exciting and rapidly evolving domain. Good luck on your AI-900 exam, and may your newfound AI knowledge propel you to success in your AI endeavors!


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Rubén Toribio

Rubén Toribio

Rubén Toribio is a software developer with over 13 years of experience in the field, specializing in web development using Microsoft technologies such as SharePoint, .NET, and Azure. He is also Microsoft Certified: Azure Developer Associate and Microsoft Certified: SharePoint Developer, demonstrating his expertise in these areas.

Rubén has a deep understanding of SharePoint development and extensibility, building custom solutions. Throughout his career, Rubén  has been involved in numerous complex projects. He is highly motivated, constantly seeking out new opportunities to learn and stay up-to-date with.

Rubén is passionate about sharing his knowledge and helping others succeed. He is an active member of the tech community, regularly participating in speaking engagements, training sessions and workshops.